The University of Sheffield, commonly referred to as Sheffield University or TUOS (The University of Sheffield), is a renowned public research university situated in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. Its rich history can be traced back to the establishment of Sheffield Medical School in 1828, Firth College in 1879, and Sheffield Technical School in 1884. The culmination of these institutions resulted in the formation of the University College of Sheffield in 1897, which received the royal charter as the University of Sheffield in 1905, granted by King Edward VII.
Comprising 50 academic departments organized into five faculties and an international faculty, Sheffield reported an annual income of £880.2 million for the fiscal year 2022–23. Notably, £198.6 million of this income was derived from research grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £790.5 million. Renowned for its world-leading engineering research, the university collaborates with prestigious institutions like Harvard and MIT and forms partnerships with over 125 companies, including BAE Systems, Siemens, Boeing, Rolls-Royce, and Airbus, at the 150-acre Advanced Manufacturing Park. Sheffield consistently ranks among the top 10 UK universities for research grant funding and holds the top position in the UK for income and investment in engineering research, as reported by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).
As one of the original red brick universities and a founding member of the Russell Group, Sheffield is also affiliated with the Worldwide Universities Network, the N8 Group of the eight most research-intensive universities in Northern England, and the White Rose University Consortium. Over the past fifteen years, Sheffield has been ranked between 66th and 104th globally by QS, with ARWU placing it 9th overall in the UK. THE recognized the university as 22nd in Europe for teaching excellence. According to the latest Research Excellence Framework 2021, Sheffield holds the 11th position in the UK for research power.
Eight Nobel laureates are associated with Sheffield, six of whom are alumni or former long-term staff. Their contributions span significant areas such as the development of penicillin, the discovery of the citric acid cycle, investigations into high-speed chemical reactions, the discovery of introns in eukaryotic DNA, the discovery of fullerene, and the development of molecular machines. The university's distinguished alumni also include heads of state, Home Secretaries, Court of Appeal judges, Booker Prize winners, astronauts, and Olympic gold medallists.